音标快速记忆口诀

音标快速记忆口诀1:)

  英语音标四十八,元音二十辅二八。

  元音又分单和双,单元十二双元八,

  单元又分长和短,长57就是它,

  合口集中是双元,合53音好发。

  辅音发音有6种,清浊10对相对搭,

  爆破破擦各3对,破擦/t//d/后附加。

  摩擦4对加/h//r/,摩擦十个别混啦,

  鼻31半元2, 学会音标顶呱呱。

音标快速记忆口诀2:)

  国际音标四十八,个个都要记清它,

  元音成双二十整,辅音成对有十双,

  有气无声清辅音,有声无气浊辅音,

  剩下若我喝也乐,还有鼻音/m//n//?/

/r/,/w/,/h/,/j/,/l/


音标快速记忆口诀3:)

  单元音共十二,四三五前中后。

  双元音也好背,合口集中八个整。

  辅音共计二十八,八对一清又七浊,

  四个连对也包括。有气无声清辅音,

  有声无气浊辅音,发音特点应掌握。









基本语音知识
1) 字母:语言的书写形式。元音字母只有a,e,i(y),o,u 

2) 音素:音的最小的单位。英语中有48音素。即20个元音音素和28个辅音音素。

3) 元音:发音响亮,是乐音;口腔中气流不收阻碍;是构成音节的主要音。英语中有20元音。

4) 辅音:发音不响亮,是噪音;口腔中气流受到阻碍;不是构成音节的主要音。英语中有28辅音。 

5) 音节:由元音和辅音构成的发音单位,一般有一个元音就有一个音节(/l/较为特殊)。ap'ple,stu'dent,un'der'stand。

6) 开音节:
a) 辅音+元音+辅音+e
如:name,bike,home,due;
b) 辅音+元音
如:he,go,hi.

7) 闭音节:
a) 辅音+元音+辅音
如:bad,stop,sit,hot,cup; 
b)元音+辅音
如:it,at, add.

8) 重读音节:单词中发音特别响亮的音节。 



英语音标及字母组合对照
1) [i:]
字母组合:
ee ea e ie ei (eo ey i)
three tree green sheep meet
eat tea meat leave lead
teacher team mean speak
he she me
piece receive ceiling

2) [ I ]
发音字母: i y e ui u a
sit picture it is list
six mix fix fit pig big build miss
many twenty happy dictionary
defect decide delicious

3) [ ? ] 发音字母 a
bag hand and ant happy
hat map mad bad black
back glad flag shall man

4) [e] 字母组合
ea e a (ue,u,ie,ai,ei,ay)
head bread pleasure
elephant pen hen remember
sell shell lesson better bed desk
many any

5) [ε:] 字母组合ir ur ear er or
girl shirt skirt thirty third bird
turn burn murder nurse turtle Thursday burger
learn earn earth heard
term her nerd serve
work worm work world

6) [ε]
字母组合 er or ou ar o a e u
teacher leader remember
player speaker farmer powder
doctor actor inventor visitor
delicious gracious pleasure
familiar collar dollar
together tomorrow today shallop lesson Washington
around account ago elephant cinema banana Canada Japan
men listen
famulus Saturday

7) [a:] 字母组合 ar a
car farm card arm garden
fast class last glass plant aunt calm half

8) [ ? ] 发音字母 u o ou oo
up supper lunch fun gun hunt cup bus umbrella
come mother does brother love above
trouble rough flourish
blood flood

9) [?: ]字母组合 al or au our ar
small wall talk tall ball call walk
short more lord horse for forty sport
door floor store
author caught autumn
four mourn court bought
warm quarrel quarter

10) [ ? ] ([?])发音字母 o a ou
hot lost lot fox box mop hop lost collar not
want wash watch

11) [u:] 字母组合 oo o u
food moon room broom doom goose tooth
shoe do two
true truth blue full prude

12) [u] 字母组合 oo ou u o
look good foot book wood
should could would
put full bull pull push
woman wolf

13) [ei] 发音字母 a ay ea ai ey
name cake late gate April
play say may way
great break
rain paint plain
they grey

14) [ai] 发音字母 i y
bike fine find die nine
light night high
my try fly eye

15) [au] 字母组合 ou ow
house out flour ground account count
sound loud around mouse
flower down now cow how town

16) [εu] 发音字母 o ow oa
home cold go no phone host
know low below grow blow show flow
boat coat goal

17) [ ?? ] 字母组合oy oi
boy toy joy
oil soil voice choice

18) [iε] 字母组合 eer ear
beer deer cheer
ear near hear appear
here idea

19) [ ?? ] ([e?])
字母组合ear air ere
pear bear
chair air fair
there where
care

20) [uε] [au?]字母组合our ower

hour
tour

flower
sh
ower


2015年08月09日

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